As with everything in life there are many ways to accomplish a task. When we discuss teaching, many teachers understand that when you are teaching writing this task is not an isolated exercise but one that involves, structure, critical thinking an grammar, for example. The same can be said about systems that are in place for the business of educating children.
At the district I currently work there are several applications that all perform distinct functions but to a large extent do not share information with one another, which leads to redundancy and loss time because of the need to verify that information is being uploaded and fed into each application. In order to clarify and unify these systems I would create a systematic approach at reviewing which applications are essential and which are creating redundancy. The review of applications would allow the stakeholders to discover what functions are necessary for the continuation of the business service as well as which applications can create synergy across the various systems. Based on this information we can begin to look for ways to either replace those applications with new applications that could do more than one task across more than one service or harness the full potential of the current application. It is important to recognize that many applications are used in systems because the full utilization of an application has not been discovered or implemented.
Finally, another way to unify the systems would be to conduct a review of the applications in place for each business service and analyze which process can be automated across applications in order to feed and gather data with the minimization of human input.